2 Guide to Maize Production in Northern Nigeria Temperature requirements The maize crop requires warmth throughout the period of its active life. The greatest production potential lies in areas where isotherms in the warmest month range between 21 and 27 °C. Maize does not grow well in areas where the growing season temperature is less than 1 Intensive production of maize with legumes during early rains in the High Rainforest region of South Southern Nigeria is limited by heavy rainfall. Production of late season maize/legumes by peasant farmers is gaining prominence though yields are low due to low soil fertility and improper crop arrangement planting in the late season. Planting date studies in the savanna regions of Nigeria have shown similar results. In the Sudan savanna zone, for example, Jibrin et al. (2012) found late June to early July as the optimum planting window for maize; grain yield decreases drastically with delayed planting beyond this period In southern Nigeria, maize could be planted twice in a year. The first, known as early maize, is planted with the onset of the early rains from March/April to June/early July (early planting season). The second, known as late maize is planted from late July/August to late October/early November (late planting season)
Maize planting season in Nigeria It is more sensible to start maize farming preparations in Nigeria in February so you can start cultivating maize in March. The maize season approximately starts on the 15th of March and ends on the 15th of May Time of Planting Early Season : •In the forest zone, the optimum planting date is between 15 March and 1 April although planting could be done as soon as rainfall becomes steady. •In the derived savannah zone, planting could still be done as late as May and June, depending on rainfall The best time for planting maize in Nigeria Start preparing for planting in February in order to actually start cultivating your crops in March. Don't' forget to follow this ratio and layout: 75cm x 50cm, 2 seeds into every spot. 6 Maize can be used as raw materials for the manufacture of fuel, essential chemicals and alcohol and as straight food (boiled corn, roasted corn, etc.). It is grown by planting seeds in a cluster of 4 to 5 seeds directly in the soil during the start of the rainy season
In the southern rainforest belt of Nigeria, maize is grown twice due to bimodal rainfall pattern (a short early growing season followed by fairly long late season). Early maize varieties are usually planted at the onset of rainy season before it's fully established (March/April), and matured sooner than the traditional crops In the second season, farmers should plant in late July through mid-August. In the savanna ecology of northern zones, farmers should plant maize in late May to June 5. Plant Early and at the Right Time. The early bird eats the fattest bone. Get your farm ready 2 weeks before the planting season and prepare your seeds. Planting at the right time will increase the volume of your harvest substantially. Some maize crops need a lot of water at their early stages, they can even consume 500 to 600 mm of water. 6 Plant Spacing. Maize seeds are planted with a spacing of 25cm × 75cm. 25cm between crops and 75cm between rows. Plant at a depth of 3-4cm, at two seeds per hole. Planting. Maize seeds are usually planted at the onset of rainy season, to aid good seed germination, plant growth and yield
The successful planting period in Nigeria is usually between March to June, depending on rainfall. However, there are also late birds who plant theirs between 1-15 August due to the adequate. Like rice, maize matures very fast, within 2-5 months of planting the crop is ready for harvest, depending on which stage you want to harvest your crop. Maize grows in a wider range of soil type than rice, almost every part of Nigeria can grow maize on their soil Planting . In dry season farming, planting should be done early in the morning or in the evening. Also, the right plant distance and spacing should be followed. This is essential to prevent competition among the crops. After planting, the plants should be watered daily or as required Timing is very crucial in planting maize because it is a water-loving crop. It requires regular normal rainfalls. Hence, timing matters in yield expectations, the first planting season begins in March or April in the forest ecology, depending on whether rainfall is early or delayed, and the second planting season starts from late June to July According to Afex Commodities focus on Maize, in Q4 2020, it was hard to keep up with the demand for maize in Nigeria. The price of the grain has seen a steady uptick resulting from a low base of production.. Maize prices slumped 17 percent between October and December 2020 from N179,666 to N148,807 as the market was awash with late maize.
The institutional problem experienced was just the contractual agreement (mean=3.79). in Delta State, the sowing period for maize was usually March/April. The time (May/June and September/October) spelt by DTADP was late and farmers experienced lower maize yield in the first planting season 3.2.3. Medium-Late Maize Variety. As for the medium-late season maize variety, the growing period in most parts of the Free State Province is less than 140 days for the sowing period starting from the 1st dekad of October to 2nd dekad of November (Figures 6 and 7). The lowest growing periods are attained over the western parts with periods of. The large gap between demand and supply of maize produce has necessitated expansion of cultivation into the second cropping season. WESTAGRO FARMS provides smart investors the opportunity to diversify their investment by joining the late season planting Land Clearing and Planting commences 15th August 2021 Cost of land: N150,00 model to simulate growth and yield of maize in the Nigeria savannas. Results of 30-year sensitivity analysis with 9 di erent sowing windows showed that in SS, sowing the intermediate maize varieties from early to mid-June produced the highest grain yields
The season of maize is between March15 - May 15. therefore the season of planting maize is gone except you want to invite Loss.Late planting is in August. Agriculture is the most profitable business any unemployed graduate can venture into. We also manage farm for people interested in agriculture . Maize is grown preferably in raining season but can be grown anytime with irrigation. Read: 14 Must-Know Cultivation Tips For New Farmers. Soil Type. Maize requires a very rich soil. Planting. Plant 2-3 seeds per hole with a spacing of 40cm between plants and 80cm between rows spacing
Late season maize and soybean may be planted in 2:2 or 1:2 arrangements to take advantage of optimum soybean seed yield and 65-100 percents of the maize grain yield in the humid South Southern Nigeria. Keywords: Additive mixtures, Inter-cropping, Spatial arrangement, Late season maize/soybean 1. Introductio al., 2013). The savanna agro-ecology of Nigeria has a great potential for food production because of its high solar radiation that favours maize production. In the southern guinea savannah (SGS), maize is grown twice due to bimodal rainfall pattern (a short early growing season followed by fairly long late season). Early maize varieties ar . The length of growing season for a particular year is obtained from the difference between cessation and length of the growing season in Northern Nigeria and reported also that the length of th
Appeal to Buhari, Makinde, CBN to support against Maize scarcity By Adeola Badru. Farmers in Oke-Ogun area of Oyo State, have cried out over their loss in the year 2020 planting season as a result. Expect Scarcity of Maize In 2021, Oyo Farmers Tell Nigerians The farmers said its members lost millions of naira in the 2020 planting season as a result of government failure to support agriculture The pandemic also coincided with the crop planting period, contributing to the rise in input and maize costs by roughly 40 percent, according to the Nigerian Agricultural Policy Project. The immediate rise in key staple prices, which has implications for this season's harvest and foreseeable impacts on GDP and poverty in Nigeria, highlight. - Diamant - Kondor - Famosa - BR63-18 - Mirabel. Pest and Diseases. The following are the predominant diseases that affect potato in Nigeria. Late blight: the late blight is a disease caused by fungus and thrives during the rainy season, it can be prevented by early planting, the use of early maturing varieties and resistant varieties Nigeria's annual need for maize is estimated at 15 million metric tons while the country's local production is 10.5 million tones. The association said they were able to produce about 20.
savanna) in northeast Nigeria to determine the performance of two improved cowpea varieties when relay-intercropped with early and late maize, 6 and 8 weeks after planting the maize. Grain yield, number of branches and number of pods per plant were higher for the variety IT89KD-288 than for IT97K-499-35, whether planted sole or relay. Also, the seeds are hybrid which means that they can multiply it for late maize and next year's planting seasons. Hybrid maize usually generates high yields, increased value and reduced production costs. The plants are bigger, stronger and more vigorous, Lawal asserted
the South, the harvest of early maize took place in most areas of Oyo and Osun in southwest Nigeria. In other areas of the same states, maize is near its maturity stage. Farmers are engaged in land preparation for planting late maize, which will be harvested at the end of October In the rain forest zone of southern Nigeria, two crops of maize are possible per year due to the bi-modal rainfall pattern of the zone. The first season crop can be planted from mid March to first week of April while the second season planting is from mid August to early September. The maize produced in the early season is quickly consume
Lagos-Lagos State Government has on Wednesday distributed Downy Mildew Resistant (DMR) and Leaf Streak Resistant (LSR) - Y (Yellow) hybrid maize seedlings to no fewer than 650 farmers in the state as palliatives for the on-going planting season.Prince Gbolahan Lawal, Lagos State Commissioner for Agriculture, said that the donation to the farmers was parts of the State Government's efforts. The short rains are perfect for harvesting season in Nigeria, and it covers almost all southern parts of Nigeria and bring a lot of good for farmers. August is a dry month and usually the perfect time for harvesting and planting of grains like maize or rice Dry spell analysis during growing season with respect to maize crop is performed in nine stations in Nigeria. The main data used are daily rainfall, temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and sunshine hours (1971-2013) from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMet), Lagos. The same data set (excluding rainfall and sunshine hours) from 0.125° ERA INTERIM Reanalysis (1979-2013) and.
Table 2: Means of traits and averaged over two years in early and late/intermediate maturing maize varieties groups grown at Oke-Oyi, Nigeria in 2007 and 2008 Anthesis Year Days to silking Anthesis silking Plant Height (cm) Ear Height (cm) Plant Aspect Ear Aspect Ears per Plant Grain Yiel Growing Cowpea in Nigeria Information and Communication Support for Agricultural Growth in Nigeria plant from late July to mid-August. For early maturing varieties (55-69 days), commencing planting from mid-August to the end of August. Cowpea should follow early season cereals such as maize or rice on the same land. If possible, do. Start by dividing the field into plots of 50 or 100m2 and then construct small bunds. For your seeding rate; it can be 60 kg/ha by dibbling, 80-100 kg/ha by broadcasting and 50-65 kg/ha by drilling in rows spaced 30 cm apart. The major problem of this method is weeds. Apply herbicides to control them The most volatile season is the period between spring planting and fall harvest in the U.S., as this is the time of the year when there is the greatest uncertainty about the size of the final crop. Also, the seeds are hybrid which means that they can multiply it for late maize and next year's planting seasons. Hybrid maize usually generates high yields, increased value, and reduced.
Despite the development and deployment of maize streak-resistant (SR) germ plasm, virus-induced symptoms are still commonly observed on maize in Lagos, Nigeria. Therefore, surveys were conducted between April 2001 and February 2002 to determine the identity, prevalence, and incidence of maize viruse , where planting of the first maize crop is underway
during the late May and early August for early and late cropping seasons respectively. Four seeds of kenaf cuiltivars (Tainung 1 and Ifeken 400) and maize cultivar (DMR-LSR-Y) were sown per hole in their respective plots at depth of 2.5 cm. At 2 decade after sowing (DAS), kenaf and maize seedling were thinned to two and one plant(s . Planting was carried out on 21st July, 2009 and 27th July, 2010 respectively The Agricultural Production Systems Simulator (APSIM) model was calibrated and validated and used to identify the optimum planting windows for two contrasting maize varieties for three agro-ecologies in the Nigeria savannas. The model was run for 11 planting windows starting from June 1 and repeated every 7 days until 16 August using long-term historical weather data from the 7 selected sites. Maize farmers in Nigeria are gearing to produce 25 million metric tons of the cereal this planting season. But this production target is eight million tons less what the country produced in 2017. Nigeria is the largest African producer of the cereal with over 33 million tons, followed by South Africa, Egypt, and Ethiopia Abstract: Intensive production of maize with legumes during early rains in the High Rainforest region of South Southern Nigeria is limited by heavy rainfall. Production of late season maize/legumes by peasant farmers is gaining prominence though yields are low due to low soil fertility and improper crop arrangement
. For a summer maize crop, early planting at the beginning of the rainy season is advisable, as yields decrease with late planting and this is primarily due to decreasing daily Heat Units (HU) as the growing season progresses Planting date The later maize is planted, the lower the yield, as shown in the graph below. Highest yields are obtained with October plantings, but these can usually only be sustained with irrigation (ie irrigation to establish crop). However, planting in October may be feasible on vleis or when there is good early rain (over 50mm)
So, this maize farming business plan is for those considering going into commercial maize farming in Nigeria. This is a plan for a hectare of land in the northern part of Nigeria. Research has shown that one hectare of land can produce 150,000 curb of corn. So, have that in mind while we calculate what it will cost you to have such a harvest Because of the availability of short-season early maturing varieties, cultivation has gradually spread to the Sudan savanna where the growing period is 90â€100 days. Despite the expansion in these production areas, maize yields in farmersâ€™ fields average from 1 to 2 t/ha in contrast to the higher yields of about 5 to 7 t/ha. Igbo begin new planting season. 17th April 2019. in oriental news. 0. Aloysius Attah, Onitsha. Just as the Bible recorded it that there is time for everything under the sun, time to plant and time. 13 May 2021. Premium Times (Abuja) The official said the distribution was to enhance production of food and balanced nutrition, create more jobs, and boost wet season farming. The Federal. The best time to plant your maize seeds is to do it right after the rainy season has started (about 2 or 3 times after the first rain). Planting during this period will aid better growth and maturity for your maize crop, because some maize plants need a lot of water during their growth process, as some consume as much 450 to 600 mm of water
Nigeria: Reference Date: 04-January-2021. Harvesting activities of millet, sorghum, rainfed rice and main season maize crops have almost finalized, while harvesting of irrigated rice and second season maize crops is still ongoing and will be completed by end‑January. the food inflation rate has progressively increased since late 2019. Speaking on the poor state of maize production in the 2020 planting season, Oyo State maize farmers, under the auspices of the Association of Farm Settlers, explained that many of the farmers recorded losses worth millions of naira invested in cultivating the crop in the 2020 planting season as a result of poor and unstable rainfall, which has. Delayed planting may lead to the incidence of diseases and insect attacks. In late season, popcorn is planted, to enable proper drying of the maize for optimum popping expansion. It should be noted that maize planting time is not such a critical factor in areas where irrigation farming is being practiced
Post-emergence herbicides can also be applied to kill young weeds after eight weeks of planting. Pesticides are also used for crop protection if the need arises. In fact, weed infestations reduce production of maize by 30%. Fertiliser is applied at planting or four weeks after planting, and eight weeks after planting The short dry season in August between these two rainy periods allows for harvesting and planting of fast-growing varieties of grains, such as maize. (iv) The Long Dry Season: This period starts from late October and lasts to early March with peak dry conditions between early December and late February Farmers have been urged to finish maize planting for the current planting season before the end of May. An Agriculturist, Mr Michael Ogunsusi of Beulak Farms in Ayedun, Ikole Local Government Area of Ekiti, gave the advice on Wednesday in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Odo-Ayedun. Ogunsusi said the change [ Disease and Pest Problems of Late Season Maize (Zea MaysL.) in Relation to Time of Planting on the Nsukka Plains of South-Eastern Nigeria. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, Vol. 53, Issue. 1-2, p. 1
Make sure you plant your maize seed as soon as you clear the soil to allow the maize grow ahead of weeds. Delay in planting will expose the hybrids maize to competition with the weeds. 2. Get Improved Maize Variety - If possible, look for Recommended Verities of maize to improve your yield. For Early Season Planting, Look for: different maturity groups of maize varieties at different planting dates under the marginal rainfall conditions of the rainforest ecology of Nigeria and identify the high yielding ones. The maize varieties were evaluated on ﬁve and three different planting dates in 2001 and 2005 late cropping seasons respectively. Seven plant One was the timing of the planting of maize Late planting can result in losses of almost 50 per cent. There was also the problem of pests: maize plants were attacked by pests of various types. In some sites, rodents such as grasscutters and rabbits constantly cut back the maize shoots, and others were attacked by antelope and other game This study attempts regression/correlation analysis between maize yield and weather variables based on data analysed for the entire growing season and the different physiological stages of the crop's growth for Kabba in the wet sub-humid climate of Nigeria. The implications of the relationships obtained are examined for maize growth at the station NIGERIA (17 November) Apart from the continuing fertilizer shortage that has hampered crop production such as rice, growing conditions were favourable during the whole growing season and the output should be normal to above normal, excepted in the south-west, where some maize growing areas had very limited precipitation in July and the first half of August
Late maturing variety (135 - 150 days). High yielder 12.5 - 14 tons per hectare (50 - 56 bags of 100kg per acre). Tall and large plant structure, late maturity, excellent lodging tolerance, early vigour, and high grain yield make it an ideal choice for Sillage. Resistance to Gray Leaf Spot Maize Streak Viruses (MSV) and Mottle Viruses yield of popcorn in the second season of the bimodal rainfall zone of Southern Nigeria. The presence of one or two stem-borer in maize plant reduce yield of popcorn by about 25%. More insect pest damage usually occurs in the late season crop. and this has made the late maize cultivation difficult and non-profitable
Maize (Zea mays L.) is the third most important cereal crop in the world after wheat and rice and the most important cereal in Nigeria in terms of production and consumption. Maize is a renowned field crop in all the agro-ecological zones of West and Central Africa (WCA).1 During the last two decades, production of maize have no Between 1999 and 2020, Nigeria produced more maize than it did at independence, data from the United States Department for Agriculture (USDA) says. The country's maize production figures in the.
Plant densities in National Maize Trials varied from 3700 to 5000 p/666.7 m 2 during 2003 to 2017, and plant densities within sites in one year were the same, except for year 2017 which included. of extra early maize varieties at two Agro ecological zones of Nigeria. Materials and methods The experiment was conducted during late season of 2014 planting season in Ibadan (forest-savanna transition) and Mokwa (southern guinea savanna) zones. Land preparation was done mechanically, MOJ Food Process Technol. 2020;8(1):5‒11. 5 ©2020 Olaiya. Nigeria's food inflation is highest of rainfall experienced by farmers during last year's planting season. Maize, soybeans and groundnut are very expensive and it is the by-product derived. Farmers in the Oke Ogun area of Oyo State under the aegis of Association of Farm Settlers on Sunday said failed flood forecast and lack of government input in agriculture would lead to scarcity of maize in 2021. The farmers said its members lost millions of naira in the 2020 planting season as a result of government failure to support agriculture The earliest onset of second growing season rainfall is 5 March 1989, while the latest is 30 May 2006. The mean onset date for the second growing season rainfall is on 7 April (Fig. 4). There was failure of the growing season rains in 12 out of 31 years (about 39 %) during the main growing season of ONDJ Maize production in Africa was around 75 million tons in 2018, representing 7.5% of world maize production. Maize occupies approximately 24% of farmland in Africa and the average yield stagnates at around 2 tons/hectare/year. The largest African producer is Nigeria with over 33 million tons, followed by South Africa, Egypt, and Ethiopia