Lingual thyroid diagnosis

The thyroid scan with computed tomography (CT) confirmed the diagnosis of lingual thyroid. Because of the clinical presentations and imaging results, a presumptive diagnosis of ectopic lingual thyroid was impressed. Normal thyroid function tests were confirmed. Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) was performed for the tumor, and the. The diagnosis and management of lingual thyroid is discussed. All patients need lifelong thyroxine suppression. Unenhanced computed tomographic scans have a diagnostic appearance due to the iodine content of the ectopic thyroid tissue. (Arch Intern Med 1987;147:2046-2048) Full Text Six cases of lingual thyroid were discovered in five females and one male, ranging in age from 5 to 26 years. Four were noted during thyroglossal duct surgery, one because of a mass in the vallecula, and one incidentally found during a workup for possible hyperthyroidism. Only one patient was known to have a lingual thyroid preoperatively

Lingual thyroid gland is a rare clinical entity caused by failure of the gland's anlage to descend early in the course of embryogenesis. It may present with symptoms of dysphagia, upper airway obstruction, or even hemorrhage anytime from infancy through adulthood Findings were consistent with a diagnosis of lingual thyroid. Dimensions of lingual thyroid tissue of 1.9cm·1.7cm·2.4cm (calipers have 1cm gradations) resulted in a calculated volume of 4.1g of glandular tissue. The 24-hour 123I thyroid uptake was measured at 10.3%. (C) Six-month follow-u A lingual thyroid results from failure of the normal caudal migration of the thyroid from the foramen cecum down to its normal location anterior to the larynx and upper trachea

Lingual thyroid tissue is associated with an absence of the normal cervical thyroid in 70 % of cases. The diagnosis of lingual thyroid is usually made clinically, and radionuclide scanning is used to confirm the diagnosis. The objective of this article is to report a rare case of lingual thyroid, its presentation, diagnosis, and management Lingual thyroid is an ectopic thyroid which is an embryological abnormality that results from the failure migration of the thyroid gland from the primitive foregut to the normal thyroid position at the neck Ectopic thyroid gland at the base of the tongue, referred to as lingual thyroid, is a rare congenital anomaly resulting from the incomplete descent of the gland during embryogenesis. 1 The prevalence of lingual thyroid is reported as 1:100 000-1:300 000 and it is seven times higher in females. 2 Treatment depends on the clinical presentation. . Asymptomatic patients require thyroxine. Lingual thyroid tissue is associated with an absence of the normal cervical thyroid in 70% of cases. It occurs much more commonly in women than in men. The diagnosis is usually made by the discovery of an incidental mass on the back of the tongue in an asymptomatic patient (Fig. 96-20)

A cyst at the base of the tongue was suspected, but additional examination showed that it was an ectopic thyroid tissue marked as a lingual thyroid gland. Diagnosis of this disease starts with the laboratory analysis of the thyroid status Lingual thyroid. Differential diagnoses include lingual thyroglossal duct cyst, lingual abscess, branchial cleft cyst, squamous cell carcinoma of the base of the tongue, and dermoid or epidermoid cyst The Lingual Thyroid can be diagnosed by medical practitioners. If the lump is quite big it can easily be checked. But for confirmation that the lump is not cancerous, the tissues of the lump might undergo biopsy which can confirm the origins of the lump and whether or not it is cancerous Lingual thyroid. Posted by Beachhouse25 @coloradoroses, Jun 4, 2016. I was diagnosed with a lingual thyroid in my mid twenties, hypothyroid and have been on synthroid since that time. Recently, my thyroid levels have fluctuated a great deal and it may be related to hormones, (menopause). Is it common or suggested that a specialist take photos. Symptoms of lingual thyroid Thyroid lymphoma diagnosis Download Here Free HealthCareMagic App to Ask a Doctor. All the information, content and live chat provided on the site is intended to be for informational purposes only, and not a substitute for professional or medical advice..

Clinical Presentation and Diagnosis The lingual thyroid should always be investigated to find if tumor structure at the base of tongue, for it is the benign mass more often found in the Union of 2/3 1/3 previous back of tongue. Because it is often asymptomatic, is usually diagnosed by chance or in the study of clinical hypothyroidism The patient was diagnosed as lingual thyroid with subclinical hypothyroidism based on clinical findings, imaging, and fine-needle aspiration cytology. Conservative management with hormone suppression can result in size reduction of ectopic thyroid tissue improving symptoms without surgery

Lingual thyroid. Diagnosis and treatment (Journal Article ..

The diagnosis for lingual thyroid is done by scanning iodine in sufferers. Sometimes, tomographic scan is also used to diagnose this issue. It is a critical issue and its diagnosis process is also not common. It requires a special method to find out the severances of lingual thyroid The differential diagnosis of lingual thyroid includes a hypoglossal cyst, angioma, fibroma, lymphangioma or lipoma. The diagnosis of such a rare entity is relatively easy, while the treatment may still be challenging thyroid tissue in the neck, the lingual thyroid can be excised and auto-transplanted to the muscles of the neck [21]. In our patient, once the diagnosis of Lingual thyroid was established, she was put on Levothyroxine therapy. She has been on regular follow up and has shown significant improvemen Lingual thyroid is a developmental defect in the descent of thyroid tissue from foramen caecum into the neck. The thyroid normally descends after first month of conception into the neck. Ectopic thyroid is located at base of tongue in 90% cases 1 What is Lingual thyroid? Thyroid agenesis (or thyroid dysgenesis) is a cause of congenital hypothyroidism where the thyroid is missing, ectopic, or severely underdeveloped.. It should not be confused with iodine deficiency, or with other forms of congenital hypothyroidism where the thyroid is present but not functioning correctly.. Congenital hypothyroidism caused by thyroid dysgenesis can be.

The authors present four cases of ectopic lingual thyroid disease diagnosed by Tc-99m pertechnetate scanning, which is an efficient diagnostic tool that yields high-quality images in this clinical setting. Clinical Nuclear Medicine26 (11):933-935, November 2001. Separate multiple e-mails with a (;) When the diagnosis of lingual thyroid is established, the treatment options are: suppression therapy with levothyroxine, radioactive iodine ablation or lingual thyroidectomy [5]. The lingual thyroid is an infrequent abnormal development during embryogenesis of gland and its passage through the neck. Development of the gland begins on day 24 o Lingual thyroid glandular tissue is the most common, situated at the base of the tongue just behind the foramen caecum. Intralingual thyroid masses have been reported to occur in approximately 10% of autopsies, although they are clinically relevant in only 1 : 4000 patients with thyroid disease

A diagnosis of lingual thyroid was made. Afterdiscus-Figure 2. Radioactive thyroid scan shows an uptake of isotope in the base of the tongue, suggesting a long linear lingual thyroid. Volume 78, Number5 sionwith the endocrinologist,the otolaryngologiststarted the patient on suppressive therapy with 200 ug/day of thyroxine Lingual thyroid: diagnosis using a hybrid of single photon emission computed tomography and standard computed tomography. J Dolezal Department of Nuclear Medicine, Charles University in Praque, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Kralove and Charles University Teaching Hospital, Hradec, Kralove, Czech Republic

Lingual Thyroid: Ultrasound Assessment and Diagnosis

Lingual Thyroid: Diagnosis and Treatment JAMA Internal

Differential diagnosis included malignant neoplasia such as squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, or sarcoma, be-nign or malignant lingual tonsil pathology, and lingual thy-roid. Workup was remarkable for hypothyroidism, and CT scan showed a base of tongue homogeneously enhancing mass with absent thyroid tissue in the anterior neck, confirming The authors present four cases of ectopic lingual thyroid disease diagnosed by Tc-99m pertechnetate scanning, which is an efficient diagnostic tool that yields high-quality images in this clinical setting. Clinical Nuclear Medicine26 (11):933-935, November 2001. Separate multiple e-mails with a (;) Acute infectious thyroiditis in patients with ectopic lingual thyroid gland is extremely rare, and in most cases, this condition, if symptomatic, manifests as dysphagia and dyspnoea. This case repo..

The Lingual Thyroid: Its Diagnosis and Treatment JAMA

  1. When the diagnosis of lingual thyroid is established, the treatment options are: suppression therapy with levothyroxine, radioactive iodine ablation or lingual thyroidectomy [5].The lingual thyroid is an infrequent abnormal development during embryogenesis of gland and its passage through the neck
  2. g thyroid function tests for all lingual thyroid patients regardless of symptoms or clinical presentation
  3. or salivary gland tumours, midline branchial cyst, thyroglossal duct cyst, epidermoid cyst and lipoma
  4. Lingual thyroid is a rare developmental anomaly that occurs subsequent to the failed caudal migration of the thyroid gland from the ventral pharynx to the normal pretracheal position in the neck. Almost one third of patients have overt hypothyroidism at the time of diagnosis [9]
  5. Lingual thyroid is a rare developmental disorder and is more frequent in women. The pathogenesis is unclear but may be related to the presence of maternal blocking autoantibodies against the thyroid. Treatment of this disorder includes the use of levothyroxine in order to correct the hypothyroidism, which is very frequent and to induce the.
  6. Lingual thyroid is an uncommon developmental aberration of embryogenesis. It may present as a mid-line, non-tender, painless, reddish appearing swelling in the throat. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a relatively new diagnostic method for this condition. Two cases of lingual thyroid are reviewed with their MRI's and surgical results
  7. Lingual thyroid is a very rare anomaly and is usually incidentally found in patients that have hypothyroidism or mass in throat. This case however had another mass in the submandible with diagnosis of thyroglossal cyst. Thyroglossal duct cyst is the most common congenital neck mass. About 50% of cases present before the age of 10 and second group age present in young adulthood. We present a 27.
Hemoptysis caused by ectopic lingual thyroid - Karabay

Lingual thyroid

Conclusion: Management of patients with LT should be individualized and guided by the patients symptoms and thyroid hormone status. (Endocr Pract. 2016;22:343-349) AB - Objective: Lingual thyroid (LT) results from a developmental abnormality due to failure of the thyroid gland to descend to its pretracheal position In 70% of cases the lingual thyroid is the only functional thyroid tissue, leading to the commonality of accompanying hypothyroidism in patients. [4] The mean age of diagnosis for lingual thyroid is 40 years old, with statistical peaks at 12.5 and 50 years, [5] with a strong female predominance. [6 Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may provide a diagnosis of lingual thyroid , its clinical usefulness in the diagnosis of patients with CH has not been evaluated. Color Doppler ultrasonography (CDU) provides not only the standard gray-scale image, but also a color display of blood flow and, hence, permits the evaluation of thyroid. Developed by renowned radiologists in each specialty, STATdx provides comprehensive decision support you can rely on - Lingual Thyroid Lingual thyroid is 4-7 times more common in females, with symptoms developing during puberty, pregnancy or menopause. Lingual thyroid may be asymptomatic, or give symptoms such as dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), dysphonia (difficulty talking) and dyspnea (difficulty breathing)

ICD-9-CM or ICD-9-PCS code value. Note: dots are not included Code Type: PROCEDURE: Specifies the type of code (Diagnosis / Procedure) Description: LINGUAL THYROID EXCISION (EXCISION OF LINGUAL THYROID) Full code's titl The lingual thyroid occurring in the midline of the tongue base is an uncommon congenital anomaly. We report the case of a 43-year-old female who presented with a long-term lumping sensation. Head and neck ultrasonography revealed a solid tumor located in the tongue base without any thyroid tissue identified in the orthotopic position of the.

lingual thyroid will shine bright because of iodine content. why is CT very useful in visualizing lingual thyroid. lingual thyroid. non-contrast and contrast CT: possible diagnosis. possible diagnosis? stridor that is loudest during quiet breathing but lessens when crying Four patients with lingual thyroid glands presenting beyond the neonatal period have been evaluated at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto since the advent of neonatal TSH screening. All were female, clinically euthyroid at diagnosis and presented with symptoms of a lingual mass. We estimate that 1.6% of lingual thyroids are missed by this TSH based thyroid screening program and. Ectopic lingual thyroid is usually asymptomatic (47%) but may lead to some of the local symptoms such as dysphagia, dysphonia with stomatolalia and upper airway obstruction. Other clinical manifestations of definitive clinical hypothyroidism (like; fatigue, cold intolerance, constipation, dry skin, weight gain, puffy face, hoarseness, muscle.

Short description: Endocrine anomaly NEC. ICD-9-CM 759.2 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 759.2 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. For claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, use an equivalent ICD-10-CM code (or codes) Download PDF: Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmu.... (external link

Lingual Thyroid Ectopia: Diagnostic SPECT/CT Imaging and

Q89.2 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes. The 2021 edition of ICD-10-CM Q89.2 became effective on October 1, 2020. This is the American ICD-10-CM version of Q89.2 - other international versions of ICD-10 Q89.2 may differ. A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes An ectopic thyroid can occur at any location along the path of migration. The commonest type of ectopic thyroid is a lingual thyroid, lying between the circumvalate papillae and the epiglottis. This type has an incidence of one in 3000 to 10 000 A lingual thyroid is a well-recognised cause of respiratory distress. Our case highlights the importance of medical intervention in this scenario. Patient age and symptoms are key considerations when deciding on an optimal therapeutic strategy The patient may be also asymptomatic; thus, lingual thyroid may be an incidental finding, revealed after investigation of non-thyroid-related symptoms . In terms of thyroid function, most patients with lingual thyroid present with hypothyroidism, usually in the absence of orthotopic thyroid (5, 6, 16, 18, 22)

Lingual thyroid Radiology Reference Article

In lingual thyroid, clinical manifestations peak at a mean age of 40 years with two statistical peaks at the ages of 12.5 and 50 years. 63 Common symptoms include cough, pain, dysphagia, dysphonia, dyspnoea and haemorrhage. 2,43,63 Large masses can present with airway obstruction and stridor in children, while a third of patients have evidence. 06.6 ICD-9 Vol 3 Code descriptor - Excision of lingual thyroid. Get the DRG class related to the ICD-9 Vol. 3 code from the details page The embryogenesis, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, and clinical management of the lingual thyroid entity are discussed. A patient with a large lingual thyroid, who also required a mandibular set-back osteotomy, is presented. The preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative considerations and management of this patient as they relate to the.

Lingual Thyroid—Conservative Management or Surgery? A Case

Role Of Imaging in Diagnosed Lingual Thyroid Eurora

The clinical presentation of lingual thyroid is variable. They mostly present as nodular swelling in the base of the tongue. It is usually seen among adolescents and pregnant women who have an increased demand for thyroidhormones.33%ofpatientsshowhypothyroidism.8,9 Further diagnosis of lingual thyroid needs thorough clinica Suspected diagnosis of ectopic thyroid was established. Ultrasound examination demonstrated the absence of thy - roid tissue in its normal position and its presence at the base of the tongue. A cervical CT-scan was carried out (Fig. 2), which allowed lingual thyroid diagnosis to be confirmed. Thyroid gland function was studied, with thyroid stim Search by Diagnosis: lingual thyroid Show Diagnoses Week 226: Case 3 Diagnosis: Ectopic thyroid lingual thyroid Week 66: Case 2 Diagnosis: Ectopic thyroid tissue lingual thyroid. Recent Cases. Week 742: Case 3; Week 742: Case 2; Week 742: Case 1; Week 741: Case 3; Week 741: Case 2; Week 741: Case 1; Week 740: Case 3 Lingual thyroid is not commonly associated with anatomically at parathyroid, because the latter have an embr yonic origin distinct from the dorsal wings of third and fourth phar yngeal pouches [4,7]. Clinical Presentation and Diagnosis The lingual thyroid should always be investigated to find i diagnosis of lingual thyroid. The patient was observed with an unremarkable course in the hospital for 6 d. The patient was pre-sented at Tumor Board for further management that concluded that the ectopic lingual thyroid was adequately excised and required no further treatment

Lingual thyroid QJM: An International Journal of

Our diagnosis was acquired hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto's thyroiditis in lingual thyroid with concomitant non functional cervical thyroid. The patient has been treated with L-tiroxina (50 µg/day) that improved her symptoms and normalized her thyroid tests Symptoms, if where are any: foreign-body-feeling, swallowing difficulties, dyspnea, articulation disorders, bleeding and hypothyroidism, but in many cases the diagnosis is accidental. We describe two cases of lingual thyroid gland operated in our department, and discuss the present trends of the treatment of this disease Lingual thyroid is caused by a rare developmental disorder due to aberrant embryogenesis during the descent of thyroid gland to the neck. It is the most frequent ectopic location of thyroid gland. The incidence of LT is reported as 1:100,000. It is 7 times higher in females. Hickmann recorded the first case of lingual thyroid in 1869 Less commonly, a thyroid will grow downward rather than up and out within the neck. When this happens, the thyroid will grow down the trachea into the chest. This can become an even bigger problem since the chest is surrounded by a very rigid bone structure (the chest cavity). The top of the chest cavity is made up of the spinal column in the.

Lingual Thyroid - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Congenital Cysts Involving Airway (Vallecular Cyst

[Lingual thyroid

  1. Ectopic - lingual thyroid (palpation isn't neccesery for diagnosis) •Grade III: thyroid seen from the distance (palpaiton isn't neccesery for diagnosis) Grade 0 Not enlarged by inspection or palpation Grade 1 palpable goiter, but not seen when head and nec
  2. lingual thyroid appear in the literature. In 70% of reported cases, the lingual thyroid is the only functioning thyroid tissue and hypothyroidism occurs in 33%2. Age at time of diagnosis is from 6 to 74 years1. Carcinoma of a lingual thyroid is rare and is no more likely than in a normally situated thyroid.
  3. A lingual thyroid is the most common location for ectopic thyroid tissue and represents about 90% of cases of ectopic thyroid tissue. Most cases go undetected, with only about 1 in 10,000 having.
  4. Thyroid lingual duct cyst and fistula are congenital dysplasia, which is caused by incomplete degeneration of thyroid lingual duct. Cyst is broken due to infection or fistula is formed after surgical incision
  5. Diagnosis: Ectopic Thyroid Tissue (lingual thyroid) In this case, it is the only thyroid tissue the patient has. General Discussion: DISCUSSION: Several ectopic locations for thyroid tissue have been described. Ectopic thyroid tissue can occur anywhere from the base of the tongue to the substernal region
  6. When migration fails and the gland remains in the base of the tongue, it is called lingual thyroid or ectopic lingual thyroid. Lingual thyroids are four times more common in females than in males. Initially, they are asymptomatic midline nodules in the posterior aspect of the tongue. They are usually less than a centimeter in size but can.
  7. Adult diagnosis of lingual thyroid is usually detected because of dysphagia, airway obstruction or dysphonia but rarely identified simply, as with our patient, because of hypothyroidism. The exact.

Article - A Rare Case of Lingual Thyroid in a Ma

Lingual thyroid is the most common location of ectopic thyroid tissue and often located on the juncture of the Case report buccal and pharyngeal parts of the tongue [1]. While 90% of ectopic thyroid tissues are seen on the tongue, they have also A 24-year-old male patient who had presented to the center been reported in sublingual. However, surgery is considered when a mass produces obstructive symptoms or bleeding, demonstrates a sudden increase in size, or if malignancy is suspected. 2, 3, 6 In patients being considered for surgical excision, it is essential to establish if any normal thyroid tissue is present elsewhere, because removal of a lingual thyroid will in most. The ICD-10-CM Alphabetical Index is designed to allow medical coders to look up various medical terms and connect them with the appropriate ICD codes. There are 3 terms under the parent term 'Thyroid' in the ICD-10-CM Alphabetical Index . Thyroid - see also condition. hormone resistance E07.89. lingual Q89.2 The most usual symptoms of ectopic lingual thyroid are signs of oropharyngeal obstruction: foreign body sensation in the throat, dysphagia, dysphonia and dyspnea.Ectopic lingual thyroids revealed by episodes of bleeding are very unusual according to our review of the literature

Lingual Thyroid Read More Doctors Prescribe

The differential diagnosis of lingual schwannoma, benign lesions like granular cell tumors, salivary gland tumors, leiomyomas, rhabdomyomas, lymphangiomas, haemangiomas, dermoid cysts, lipomas, inflammatory lesions and lingual thyroid and malignant lesions like squamous cell carcinoma, sarcomas Lingual thyroid could be classified into two groups according to the appearance of the symptoms. Lingual thyroid gland detected in routine screening of infants and young children results in failure to thrive, mental retardation or severe respiratory distress syndrome leading to medical emergency.(3.4) Second group o e clinical presentation of lingual thyroid could be classi ed into two groups according to the appearance of the symptoms. In the rst group of infants and young children, whose lingual thyroid is detected via routine screening may su er from failure to thrive and mental retardation; or even severe respiratory distress and requiring emergency. A lateral radiograph of the neck revealed a well-defined soft-tissue mass at the base of the tongue, compromising the oropharynx. After a series of tests, which included CT (Fig. 1) and radionuclide scintigraphy, the diagnosis of lingual thyroid was made. A thyroid profile showed normal levels of T3 and T4; thyroid binding globulin was normal [2] Lingual thyroid is reported to be a rare congenital anomaly and very few of them are symptomatic and do not require medical attention. Previously asymptomatic lingual thyroid can produce symptoms during the time of hormonal change like in puberty, menopause and metabolic stress [8]. Symptomatic lingual thyroid mostly demands surgical excision

(PDF) A cavernous hemangioma of the tongue base presenting

Signs and symptoms. Infants born with congenital hypothyroidism may show no effects, or may display mild effects that often go unrecognized as a problem: excessive sleeping, reduced interest in nursing, poor muscle tone, low or hoarse cry, infrequent bowel movements, significant jaundice, and low body temperature.If the fetal thyroid hormone deficiency is severe because of complete absence. The diagnosis of hypothyroidism device in connection with a lingual thyroid is retained and the child received a hormone replacement therapy with thyroxine at a dose of 75 μg/d. After 5 months of treatment, the TSHus control was 1.75 μIU/ml signing the biological euthyroidism The treatment-related to the ectopic lingual thyroid is also excision and it becomes mandatory when the lingual thyroid is interfering with the normal body functions. The thyroid gland in such case is excised and lifelong thyroxine replacement therapy is given. Follow-ups must be done to check the progress. Summar In hyperthyroidism, there is an excess of thyroid hormones, either due to overactivity or overstimulation of the thyroid gland. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism, also called thyrotoxicosis, can include: 3 . Emotional lability, crying easily, irritability, or excitability. Short attention span. Tremors

Lingual Thyroid. This is a rare anomaly occurring in about 1 in every 100,000 people, but of all the ectopic thyroids 90% are lingual thyroids. Lingual thyroid occurs where the thyroid fails to descend from its origin at the back of the tongue (foramen caecum) into the neck during embryological life It may reveal ectopic thyroid tissue in a lingual mass and whether functional thyroid gland exists in normal position. Flexible nasolaryngoscopy for infants for TDC with existing respiratory distress

Lingual thyroid Mayo Clinic Connec

Diagnosis of Lingual thyroid - Doctor answers on

ICD-9-CM 759.2 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 759.2 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. For claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, use an equivalent ICD-10-CM code (or codes) Overview. Lingual thyroid and thyroid hemiagenesis are rare thyroid developmental abnormalities. These conditions can be present with other thyroid diseases, whether functional ones involving abnormal thyroid hormone levels, or structural ones such as presence of thyroid nodules, however the association with thyroid cancer and lingual thyroid or thyroid hemiagenesis is rare Ectopic lingual thyroid Ectopic lingual thyroid Sauk, John J. 1970-12-01 00:00:00 THE entity of ectopic lingual thyroid is an anomaly whose location has included not only the adult anatomical tongue but also the embryological pathway associated with the development of the thyroid gland. The purpose of this study was to try to establish the frequency of lingual ectopic thyroid tissue in a.

Lingual Thyroid-Literature Review Insight Medical Publishin

Schoen EJ et al: The key role of newborn thyroid scintigraphy with isotopic iodide (123I) in defining and managing congenital hypothyroidism. Pediatrics. 114 (6):e683-8, 2004. Aktolun C et al: Diagnosis of complete ectopic lingual thyroid with Tc-99m pertechnetate scintigraphy

File:Gray0979Presentation1Thyroid DysgenesisEctopic Thyroid - Endocrinesurgery2: Differential Diagnosis of Oral Lesions and